08 February 2023, Wednesday
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About: West India


The climate of West India varies from tropical wet and dry to semi-arid. The coastal regions experience little seasonal variations although the temperatures range between 20°C to 38°C. Northern Konkan and Mumbai experiences cooler winters with minimum temperature ranging around 12 °C. Interior Maharashtra experiences hot summers with maximum temperatures averaging 40°C and mild winters with minimum temperatures averaging about 10°C. Gujarat also has a warm climate with hot summers and cool winters.


Western India celebrates innumerous events, functions and festivals. One can have life time experience if they visit western India during any festive time. Goa Carnival is a three day festival which is highlighted by colors, dance and music. During the time of carnival Goa attracts large crowd from round the corner of country. Very popular among all Indian this festival festival Bhaiya Dooj is celebrated all over India and also natives of Western India. This festival symbolizes love of brother and sister and therefore, marks the importance of love and affection which exist in brother and sister relationship. After chilly winters when you look forward for the warmth of sun, in the month of March their arrives one of the most popular festival of India which is a festival of color, fun and frolic. People play with colors, social gathering are made and people enjoy and celebrate it through food, drinks, card games, dance and music. Janmashtami , again a popular festival is celebrated in Maharashtra with great fun. This period usually coincides with the rainy season. Elephanta Festival is celebrated during month of February at Elephant Island across Mumbai Harbor near Elephanta Caves. Gujarat celebrates International Kite Festival which is marked by thousands of colorful kites of different shades and sizes which occupy the whole sky.


West India enjoys the most diverse styles of food in India. Gujrati cuisine is little bit sweet and is traditionally vegetarian. Rajasthani food is spicy and largely vegetarian but includes many delicious meat dishes like Laal Maas (red meat curry) while Gujarat’s cuisine is known for its slight sweet touch (at least a pinch of sugar is added to most dishes!) and is traditionally entirely vegetarian. Gujrati snacks tastes awesome and are the famous thaali includes the vareity of dishes, rice and chapatti and sweets. These are collectively known as Farsan. Maharashtra being a place in coastal area is famous for Malvani cuisine which is fresh coconut based hot and sour curries. People of coastal areas are also fond of seafood. A famous cusisine known as Vidharba which uses lot of dry coconut. Goan food is rich, piquant and strongly flavored by coconut, red chillies and vinegar. In Gujarat and Rajasthan corn, lentils and gram flour, dry red chillies, buttermilk, yoghurt, sugar and nuts; in Maharashtra, fish, rice, coconut and peanuts and in Goa fish, pork and rice.


Western states include Rajasthan, Gujarat and Maharashtra. Rajasthan is situated at the northwestern part of India and is the biggest state in the country. It lies between 23°30' and 30° 11' North latitude and 69° 29' and 78° 17' East longitude. The state is bordered by Pakistan in west and northwest, the states of Punjab, Uttar Pradesh and Haryana in the north and northeast. Rajasthan is bordered by Pakistan in the west and northwest. The state of Madhya Pradesh lies in the southeast and Gujarat in the southwest. Gujarat is situated on the west coast of Indian peninsula. From west it is surrounded by the Arabian Sea on the west, Pakistan and Rajasthan in the north and northeast, Maharashtra in the south and Madhya Pradesh in the southeast. The geography of Gujarat divides the state into 3 based on the physiographic of the state Kutch, Saurashtra, Kathiawad. Kutch represents the northwestern region of the state. The Saurashtra region consists mainly of hilly tract sprinkled with low mountains. Geographically Maharashtra is divided into five geographic regions. Major cities include Mumbai, Thane, Ulhasnagar, Bhiwandi, Ratnagiri and Chiplun. Jalgaon, Dhulia and Bhusawal are the major cities of this region. Desh is in the centre of the state. This is the most significant region of the Maratha state. Pune was the capital of the Maratha Empire.


Ancient Gujarat marks one of the glorious chapters in Indian history. It started from the beginning of the Indus civilization and culminated with the conquest by the Muslim rulers from central Asia. The earliest archaeological traces of ancient Gujarat can be found in the historical relics of the Indus Valley civilization. The Indus Valley civilization is also known as the Harappan civilization. The history of the Rajasthan is years old and this gigantic land is related to the famous myth of Ram, the seventh incarnation of Lord Vishnu. The ancient history of Rajasthan belongs to 1200 AD when Rajasthan was a part of different dynasties including the glorious Mauryan Empire. The armed conflicts and the struggle for supremacy among the Parmars, Chalukyas, and Chauhans.


Some major states of Western India are Maharashtra, Goa, Gujarat and Rajasthan. Located in Western India, Goa is also known as the Konkan, it is bounded by the state of Maharashtra to the north, and by Karnataka to the east and south, while the Arabian Sea forms its western coast. Goa has a population of 1.344 million residents, making it India's fourth smallest (after Sikkim, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh). The population has a growth rate of 14.9% per decade. The birth rate is 15.70 per 1,000 people in 2007.Goa also is the state with lowest proportion of Scheduled Tribes at 0.04%. According to the 2001 census, out of a total population of 1,343,998 people, 886,551 (65.7%) were Hindus, 359,568 (26.6%) were Christians, 92,210 (6.8%) were Muslims, 970 (0.07%) were Sikhs, 649 (0.05%) were Buddhists, 820 (0.06%) were Jains and 353 (0.026%) belonged to other religious communities. The Population of Rajasthan is 7,10,41,283. Nearly ninety percent of Rajasthan's population is Hindu with Muslims making up the largest minority with eight percent of the population. Jains - the merchant and traders from Rajasthan constitute a significant presence. Schedule Castes (ST) and Schedule Tribes (ST) form about seventy percent and twelve percent of the state population respectively. The population of the tribes in Rajasthan is nearly a double of the national average, with original inhabitants Bhils and the Meenas forming the largest group. Lesser known tribes like Sahariyas, Damariyas, Garasias, Lohars still form an important group. The population of the Gujarat State was 60,383,628 as per the 2011 census data. The density of population is 308/km2 (797.6/sq mi), a lower density compared to other states of the country. As per the census of 2011, the state has a sex ratio of 918 girls for every 1000 boys, one of the lowest (ranked 24) among the 29 states in India.About 91.1% of the population of Gujarat are Hindu.Muslims account for 7.1%, Jains 1.0%, Sikhs 0.1%, and Christians 0.5% of the population. As per the 2001 census, Maharashtra has a population of 96,752,247 inhabitants making it the second most populous state in India, and the second most populous country subdivision in existence, and third ever after the Russian SFSR of the former Soviet Union. The Marathi-speaking population of Maharashtra numbers 72,481,681 according to the 2011 census. Males constitute 50.3 million and females, 46.4 million. Maharashtra's urban population stands at 42.4%. Its sex ratio is 922 females to 1000 males. 77.27% of its population are literate, broken into 86.2% males and 67.5% females. Its growth rate between 1991–2001 was pegged at 22.57%.


People living in western part of India follow almost all the regions. Primarly, the western places of India includes places like Gujarat, Maharashtra and Rajasthan. The Gujratis preached different religions, castes and creeds. The main deity of the Hindus of Gujarat is Lord Krishna. He is worshipped throughout the state, in the form of Shrinathji. Many Gujratis are Muslims and Jains also. Muslims constitute about 9.1% of the population, while Jains form nearly 1.0%. Sikhs are quite small in number and just constitute 0.1% of the population. Hindusim is followed by majority of population, in Rajasthan though religions like Islam, Christianity, Sikhism and Jainism etc find due representation here. Folk heroes like Pabuji, Gogaji, Baba Ramdeo, Harbhuji and Mehaji are revered. Founded by Lord Rishabh and reorganised by Lord Mahavir Jainism is also followed here. The Jains have built some of the most exquisite temples in Ranakpur, Mount Abu, Shri Mahavirji, Osian, Jaisalmer, Chittaurgarh and other parts of Rajasthan. Some people also follow Muslim as their religion in Rajasthan. The world's greatest Sufi shrine, 'Dargah' of Khwaja Moinuddin Chisti lies in Ajmer, India. Hinduism is the major religion in Maharashtra, followed by maximum number of people in the state. The other religions which Maharasthrians follows are Buddhism, Islam, Christianity, Jewish, Zoroastrianism and Jainism. Maharashtra is home to maximum number of Jain, Zoroastrian and Jewish population in the country. Maharashtra presents cultural diversity in true terms.