27 July 2017, Thursday
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About: Tibet

Climate

Climate in Tibet vary greatly in a single day. The climate in highland Tibet belongs to the typical downy special climate. Tibet, due to its unique geographical characteristics, is cold in winter, cool in summer and generally dry, receiving only 450 millimeters of rain or snow. Climate in southeastern Tibet is gentle and temperate with the average temperature of eight degrees. Western Tibet experiences average temperature below zero degree; While in Lhasa and the central part of Tibet, the climate is normal and nice for traveling. You will feel pleasant climate neither it would be cold in winter nor hot in summer. Especially from March to October, travelers will enjoy to visit. Most annual rainfall comes in the rainy season that starts from May to September. Usually it rains at night in Lhasa, Shigatse and Chamdo area. Famed as 'City of Sunlight' Lhasa, experiences mild weather throughout the, without hot summer or cold winter. Generally, weather here is divided into two seasons – dry season and wet season. Annual rainfall here is considerable and mainly falls from June to September. From March to October, the climate becomes mild and humid, so this is the best season to pay a visit, and May Day Holiday is the beginning of the peak traveling season.

Festivals

There are innumerable festivals which Tibetans celebrates. Horse racing festivals in the summer and harvest festivals during the fall are held throughout the region. The dates of even the same festival may vary from region to region. Festivals includes Gutor / Ngan-pa gu-zom, Losar, Monlam Festival, Chunga Choepa, Tibetan Uprising Day, Saka Dawa Festival, Horse Racing Festival in Gyantse, Birthday of the 14th Dalai Lama, Zamling Chisang ,Choekhor Duechen,Guru Tsechu, Zhoton (Yoghurt Festival), Bathing Festival,Horse Racing Festival at Damzhung, Harvest Festival Early, Labab Duechen, Palden Lhamo Festival, Ngachu Chenmo, Tsongkapa Butter Lamp Festival Tibetan New Year is the most important festival there. It is an occasion when Tibetan families reunite and expect that the coming year will be a better one. Known as Losar, it starts from the first to the third day of the first Tibetan month. Monlam, the Great Prayer Festival, falls on the fourth up to the eleventh day of the first Tibetan month. The Butter Lamp Festival, Chunga Choepa in local language, falls on the fifteenth day of the first Tibetan month. Sagar Dawa represents April in the Tibetan calendar. In Buddhism it is believed that Sakyamuni was born, became Buddha and died in April.

Gastronomy

Tibet is quiet rich and variety of food. You have a good chance to enjoy the local Tibetan food, of the food providing, as a tourist, besides your personal favorable caddy, biscuit, etc, you don’t need to bring too much heavy extra food with you. Cantonese food, the China’s typical food, Hulan typical food. The most popular and favorable food are Sichuan food and enjoyed very much by the local people and the tourist. Tibetan cuisine is not renowned for its spices and variety, but it is hearty and healthy and sustains those living on the high plateau. You will be amazed with the rich and variety of food and enjoy the local Tibetan food. Most Tibetan dishes include generous portions of dairy and meat, but these days more and more young people eat vegetarian. Here are some of our most common dishes. Tibetans in central Tibet enjoy drinking sweet milk tea, known as ja ngarmo. The sweet tea is similar to British milk tea, and many visitors to Tibet enjoy the drink. Tsampa is the unofficial food of the Tibetan people. It is made from dried barley flour, which is then added to a cup of butter tea. No trip to Tibet is complete without sampling tsampa. Tibetan nomads make yogurt (sho) from yak milk. Tibetans are famous for their heavy yak butter tea. Nomads drink cup after cup of butter tea daily, as it is filling and keeps them warm. Momos, or dumplings, are every Tibetan’s favorite food. Momos can easily be found at most restaurants, and the variety including potato momos, mutton momos, veg momos, and others.

Geography

Known as the “Roof of the World,” the imposing Qinghai-Tibet Plateau is highest plateau in the world. The Tibetan Plateau is a huge region of southwestern China. As a unique geological phenomenon in East Asia, the Tibet Plateau stands, along with the east monsoon area and northwest arid area. Tibet closed its borders to foreigners in 1792, keeping Tibet's southwestern neighbor at bay. With vast territory and high and steep terrain Tibet Autonomous Region forms the main part of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, which covers 26.52 to 36.32 degrees north latitude and 78.24 to 99.01 degrees east longitude. This region is called the Tibet Plateau, "a plateau on the Plateau."

History

Historically, Tibet is known as mountainous region in central Asia which covers 2.5 million sq km. Tibet officially refers to the Tibetan Autonomous Region within China, which is about half the size of historical Tibet. Tibet remained independent till early 1900s, when it was occupied first by Britain and then China. The Tibetans got their independence from China in 1912 and retained it until 1951, when it was liberated by China. Today, Tibet is still occupied by China. Dalai Lama, is the spiritual and political leader of the Tibetan people, who lives in exile in India.

Population

The Tibetan people are an ethnic group that is native to Tibet. They number 5.4 million. Significant Tibetan minorities also live in India, Nepal, and Bhutan. There were up to 1.2 million Tibetans killed by the Chinese invasions of 1949/50 and subsequently continued military occupation of Tibet, as quoted in many articles & books,however as of 2008, there only remain 5.4 million Tibetans. The SIL Ethnologue in 2009 documents an additional 189,000 Tibetan language speakers living in India, 5,280 in Nepal, and 4,800 in Bhutan.The Central Tibetan Administration's (CTA) own refugee register counts 145,150 Tibetans outside Tibet: a little over 100,000 in India; in Nepal there are over 16,000; over 1,800 in Bhutan and more than 25,000 in other parts of the world. There are Tibetan communities in the Australia, Canada, Costa Rica, France, Mexico, Norway, Taiwan, Switzerland, United Kingdom, and USA.

Religion

Buddhism is the main religion followed by Tibetans. The body of Buddhist religious doctrine and institutions characteristic of Tibet, Mongolia, Tuva, Bhutan, Kalmykia and certain regions of the Himalayas, including northern Nepal, and India. It is the state religion of Bhutan. Buddhism comprises the teachings of the three vehicles of Buddhism: the Foundational Vehicle, Mahayana, and Vajrayana. Buddhahood is defined as a state free of the impediment to liberation as well as those to omniscience. They believe that when one is freed from all mental obscurations, one is said to attain a state of continuous bliss mixed with a simultaneous cognition of emptiness, the true nature of reality. In this state, all limitations on one's ability to help other living beings are removed. Before the arrival of Buddhism the main religion here was an indigenous Shamanist religion. Tibetans also preach Hindusim , Islam and Christianity.