25 September 2017, Monday
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About: South India

Climate

If you want to visit South India November to May is the best time to roam about. Tamil Nadu lies in South East and therefore and therefore on average it is the hottest part of India. In May and June temperature takes a high rise of 37/38 degree Celsius. South experiences rainfall for shorter duration i.e. just from October to December. As the states of South lies near coastline therefore sea breezes brings the temperature down during the day. Kerala in South remains humid throughout the year as the state is near sea. The time between October-November brings some relief from the heat and humidity. Andhra Pradesh lies on a plateau and has a range of summer temperatures. The temperature ranges from 25 degree Celsius touching 40 degree Celsius. The winters remain dry. Karnataka on the other hand experiences milder summers and temperature lie between 28-30 degree Celsius. Rainfall is quiet heavy in the coastal area. One can ideally visit the place between July-December.

Festivals

South Indian people like to celebrate their festivals in own unique way. A riot of flashing colors, the aroma of freshly cooked dishes tinged with intriguing mysticism lend South India's festivals a charm all their own. People from Tamil Nadu celebrate lovely festival of fireworks called Deepavali. This festival of fireworks, lamps and glittering saris is celebrated in South with great pomp and show. People brightly lit lamps and decorate their home with rangolis. The tempting aromas of delicious dishes increase your appetite. Another festival which Tamilians celebrate with great joy is Natyanjali Dance Festival celebrated in the ancient Nataraja temple at Chidambaram. The ancient temple is dedicated to the cosmic dancer, Lord Shiva. Native From Kerala celebrate Onam as their most popular festival. Onam signifies the celebration of harvest time. Keralities also celebrates Pongal where people are dressed in new and colorful saris and visit the temples. Sweet and savory rice dishes are cooked to celebrate the bounty of a good harvest. Boat racing at Arunmala: This is truly a sight to behold and no tourist must miss this event on his South India tour package. Several boats compete with each other - but with all of them crossing the finishing line at the same time. It is indeed a treat to stand and cheer the boatmen as a hundred oarsmen steer each long tapered boat with a curved tail. Other places in South India like Pondicherry celebrate Masi Magam which is celebrated near sea shore. Andaman and Nicobar celebrate island tourism festival which goes on for a fortnight.

Gastronomy

Close your eyes and imagine various varieties of Indian cuisines which have crossed their limits both locally and internationally. Various five and seven star hotels and restras serve good authentic Indian food which can fulfill your palette. South Indian food is quiet popular all over India and is extremely famous in India and international as well. India is the only country where you can find such diversity of food habits. The list of South Indian delicacies are idli, rasam, sambhar, dosa, plain dosa, masala dosa, onion rawa masala, rawa plain dosa, rawa masala dosa, plain uttapams to vada sambhar, mixed uttapam , curd rice, lemon rice, thayir pachidi thayir sadam, poriyal, thayir vadai, kootu/kari , papadum, appalam and the list of more varieties goes on. South Indian food owns a commendable blend of nutritional balance, aroma, taste, colors, seasoning and visual appeal. The dal here as compared to other parts of India is soupier that spicer. Its appetizing taste makes south Indian food truly wonderful. If you get a chance of visiting south India you will find the most amazing restras serving you the delicious South Indian food items. South Indian items yet being delicious and glorious, they are nutritious and digestible.

Geography

South India experiences diverse topological and climatic patterns. Peninsular shaped and vast inverted triangle South India is surrounded with Arabian Sea from West and with Bay of Bengal from East. From north it is covered by the Vindhya and Satpura ranges. Narmada River and Mahanadi river makes a boundary line which is discretely divides northern and southern India. One of the main geographice feature of south India is the Decaan plateau and which is defined by Satpura ranges. The Western Ghats, along the western coast, mark another boundary of the plateau. Konkan region is the narrow strip of land between the Western Ghats and the Arabian Sea.Major portion of south India includes the Deccan plateau which covers states of Maharashtra, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. It is the vast elevated region bound by the C-shape marked by mountain ranges. The Nilgiri hills runs crescently along the borders of Tamil Nadu with northern Kerala and Karnataka, encompassing the Palakkad and Wayanad hills. The Tirupati and Anaimalai hills form part of this range.

History

History of South India is two thousand years old when region saw various rise and fall of dynasties.When great king Ashoka ruled over most of the Indian sub-continent various dynasties were popular in South India which includes Satavahana, Chalukya, Pallava, Rashtrakuta, Chera, Cholas, Pandya, Kakatiya and Hoysala. The three Tamil dynasties of Chola, Chera and Pandya ruled in south India. Pandyas were one of the three ancient Tamil kingdoms, ruling in the Tamil. This race ruled initially from Korkai and in later times moved to Madurai. . Karikala Chola was again one of the famous kings during the early centuries of the common period and gained ascendancy over the Pandyas and Cheras. Dynasty Cheras dominated over Coimbatore, Malabar Coast, Karur, Salem. Pallava ruler Mahendravarman I initiated the work on the rock-cut temples of Mahabalipuram. In medieval era there was a rise in Muslim kingdoms in the history of South India. The history of South India in British reign was also great. British power in alliance with Hyderabad ruled south India and Mysore was absorbed as a princely state within British India. During the British colonial rule, south India was divided into the Madras Presidency and Hyderabad, Mysore,Travancore, Cochin, Vizianagaram and a number of other minor princely states.

Population

Kerala is a state in southwestern India. In 2011 most of Kerala's 33.3 million people (in 2011) area of Malayali. Most of the Malayalam and English speaking Keralites derive their ancestry from Dravidian and Aryan communities that settled in Kerala and intermixed with each other and existing populations. Additional ancestries derive from several centuries of contact with non-Indian lands, whereby people of Arab, Jewish, and other ethnicities settled in Kerala. Many of these immigrants intermarried with native Malayalam speakers. A tiny amount of Muslims thus takes lineage from Arab settlers mixed with the local population. Census 2011 for Karnataka has some good news and bad tidings, especially for a burgeoning urban Bangalore. The population of Bangalore district has gone up to 96.21 lakh. Bangalore district has the lowest ratio of 916 women to 1,000 men; slightly better than 908 in 2001.The population of the State has increased 15.6 per cent to reach 6.10 crore since 2001, though Karnataka retains the ninth place in the country. Tamil Nadu is one of the most important states in the country and is the 11th largest in terms of area. The state is the seventh most populous state in the country and its main language Tamil has origins that date back to 500 BC. The Population of Tamil Nadu according to the 2011 census stands at about 72 million which is not as huge as compared to some of the other big states in the country. The statistics in the Tamil Nadu Census 2011 reveal facts that can be taken into consideration by the government in a bid to further its development. The sex ratio in the state stands at 995 which is a big positive as the number exceeds the national average.

Religion

The Dravidian speakers believed worship three dimensional deities putting up the former and pursuing the latter in houses of worship called ‘koyils’ and this did not form part of the Aryan religion, theology or mythology. The earliest evidence of religion in South India is to be found in Adichchanallur near Tirunelveli. The inhabitants of the literal tracts worshipped Varuna. Mayon, equated with Krishna was the deity of the pastoral land and of the cowherds. Peasant and farmers preached Indra called Vendan who presided over the cultivated plains. In the Deccan there was a primitive system of village God worship which differed from that in the Tamilian south only in so far as local legends necessitated it. The Buddhists and the Jainas who spread out in South India due to opposite reasons of royal patronage and indifference got rooted in the whole of the Deccan as is witnessed by the prevalence of these two religions in the Satavahana period and in Nagarjunakonda, Amaravati and elsewhere. Though Hindu religious practices dominated, there was no question of persecution or fanatic faith. The equal patronage which all the sects received at the hands of the royalty and the aristocracy is proved by literature and by epigraphy.