20 August 2017, Sunday
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About: North India

Climate

India as an option to holiday brings for you a dish of variety of climatic conditions in various parts of country. The best time to visit North India depends on the destination you are visiting. The best time to travel Rajasthan, Agra, Delhi and Varanasi is between October and April/May. You may experience very less rainfall during this time temperature generally remains between 20 ºC to the low 30ºC. Jammu and Kashmir region lies in Vindya mountain range and therefore the climate is cool and dry. The mountains of North experiences temperature below 32 F and heavy snow on some occasions. Early summer is very hot on the plains but the hill station enjoy the most pleasant climate. Ladakh a famous hill top in Northern India experiences a wonderful season during monsoon. The roads are clean with no traces of snow on roads and you can visit the place between Aprils to September. Northern hill stations experience excellent climate during summer month. Even the most amazing hills of north like Nainital, Shimla-Manali are perfect place to visit in the month of May and June. The fresh air will wipe out all the sweat and you get good chance to explore the region as the climatic remains favourable. Even Jammu and Kashmir is paradise in summer more for the cool breeze you would enjoy along Dal Lake.

Festivals

North Indians celebrate plentiful of festivals which spread colors, fun, flora, songs, dance among the community. Punjabis celebrate Baisakhi as their New Year in mid of April. They celebrate the festival singing and dancing and get merry in particular day. On this auspicious day people visit temples and Gurudwaras. Following to Baisakhi Hindus largest festival Holi falls. This is a festival of color and fun. The word hola is adapted from halla, meaning attack, while mohalla means the place of attack. On this three-day festival mock battles are held followed by music and poetry competitions. Gurupurab is another important festival for the Sikhs and the Punjabis. Hindus also celebrate Diwali as their famous festival. The festival is celebrated with great exuberance. People burn crackers and decorate their houses with lights. State of paradise in India which is none other than but Jammu and Kashmir also celebrate various important festivals. All Hindu, Muslim, Sikh and Buddhist celebrate with enthusiasm and vibrancy Vatur - Truvah which literally means thirteenth day of source of River Jhelum. The Urs is a typical Kashmiri festival. It is held annually at the shrines of Muslim saints on their death anniversaries. Also there are many Buddhist Monasteries in the part of Leh as the major population of Leh and Ladakh practices Buddhism. Therefore, all states of Northern India celebrates Dusshere, Diwali, Urs, Holi Teej, Gurupurab, Teej, Gangore and many such auspicious festivals throughout the year.

Gastronomy

North India holds abundance of fresh seasonal fruit and vegetable with aromatic spices which indulge foodies to pamper their taste buds. Northern region has strong Mughlai and Kashmiri style of cooking as the region is influenced by Central Asian. The eleven different states, each having its own distinct culture also own its specific cooking style. North Indian cuisine comprises of basic ingredients like saffron, spices, chilies, cottage cheese and meat. Punjabi food is fully topped up with butter and ghee. The famous once are chach (buttermilk), butter chicken, kulche, naan, dal makhani, Tandoori Chicken and paneer dishes. The mouthful of ghee and butter makes them even more appetizing and delicious. Kashmiri food is again one of the most palatable dishes of north India. The Kashmiri cuisine uses lot of turmeric, spices and onions, yoghurt and mutton Mughali is again a tempting north Indian dish which comes from the royal kitchen of Mughals. Some of the famous mughlai dishes includes Boti Kebab, Chicken Mughlai, Tandoori Kebab. You can find variety of such delicious mughlai in country’s best joint Karim’s in New Delhi. This type of Indian cuisine comes from the royal kitchen of the Mughals. Some of the well-known dishes are Mughlai Chicken, Boti Kebab and Murgh Kebabs Mughlai. There are a wide variety of restaurants in India which serve mughlai cuisine and the one of the best joints in the country for this is Karim's in New Delhi. Rajasthani is again a great cuisine to eat. The place Rajasthan is a native place of Rajputs-The Warriors. Rajasthani cuisines are quiet spicy and delicious to eat.

Geography

North India which is shaped like a throat and two lungs covers country’s largest region. It includes Jammu and Kashmir which includes lakes and forests near Srinagar and Jammu. Placed in the south of northern area there lies Punjab which is a fertile plain and known for five prominent rivers. Falling to the west there lies the Himalyan foothills of Uttar Pradesh and the Ganges river valley to the East. Cramped between these two states is the capital city, Delhi. In the Southwestern extremes of North India lies the largest state of Rajasthan who is famous for Thar Desert and stunning ‘Pink City’ known as Jaipur. To the southeast is southern Uttar Pradesh and Agra which is a home of famous Taj Mahal.

History

Under Process!!

Population

Jammu and Kashmir has a Muslim majority population. Though Islam is practiced by about 67% of the population of the state and by 97% of the population of the Kashmir valley, the state has large communities of Buddhists, Hindus and Sikhs. In Jammu, Hindus constitute 65% of the population, Muslims 31% and Sikhs, 4%; In Ladakh, Buddhists constitute about 46% of the population, the remaining being Muslims. The people of Ladakh are of Indo-Tibetan origin, while the southern area of Jammu includes many communities tracing their ancestry to the nearby Indian states of Haryana and Punjab, as well as the city of Delhi. In totality, the Muslims constitute 67% of the population, the Hindus about 30%, the Buddhists 1%, and the Sikhs 2% of the population. Uttar Pradesh has both a large population and a high population growth rate. During the decade from 1991 to 2001 its population increased by over 25.8%. The state contributes 16.16% of India's population. The sex ratio as of 2011, at 908 women to 1000 men, is lower than the national figure of 933. The state's 2001–2011 decennial growth rate was 20.09%, higher than the national rate of 17.64. The splendid state of Punjab lies in the Northern part of India. Punjab is dominated by Sikh/Punjabi community with more than 60% population. The rest of the population represents Hindu, Muslims, Christians, Jains, and other communities. Population of Punjab is growing at a good rate every year from the time of Independence. The population of Punjab in 1991 was estimated to be 20.19 million. It reached further 24.3 million by the end of 2001. Another important factor related to Population of Punjab is its ever declining sex ratio. In the last 20 years, it has gone down very rapidly. According to recent figures, there are only 850 females per 1000 males in Punjab.

Religion

India is a land of religions and various people belong to various communities like Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists and various other religious groups. Hinduism - The origin of Hinduism was some 2000 years back. It is the oldest religion in the world. India is the most Hindu-populated nation, but it is officially secular. The two great mythological epics which detailed out the story of gods and Goddesses are Ramayana and Mahabharata. Islam - Though Muslims holds minority in our secular state, India still holds Islam as a prime religion in India. Majority of Muslims belongs to state like J&K, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. Muslims can be categorized into Shiaties and Sunnis. Sikhism - Sikh is another prominent religion which is worshipped on large scale here in India. Sikhs believe in one God and worship him in their temples called Gurudwaras. Their holy book is the Granth Sahib, which is a a collection of the teachings of their Ten Gurus and other contemporary saints, both Hindus and Muslims. Christianity - Christianity is also one of the prominent religions in India. We can find plentiful of Christians in Kerala, Goa and Mizoram which includes Catholics, Orthodox and Protestants. Jainism - Jainism another, prominent religion emphasizes on complete non-violence and asceticism. Jainism teaches path of spirituality and believe in Ahimsa. Buddhism - India was once the home of Buddhism, but today it is practiced only in few parts of country viz. Leh, Ladakh and few more. There are various places in India which holds great significance for Buddhists around India like Lumbini, the Buddha’s birth place, Bodhgaya, Sarnath and Kushinagara.