18 November 2017, Saturday
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About: Nepal

Climate

In South Asia Nepal is considered as a mountainous country and owns world famous mountain Mount Everest. Climate of Nepal varies from subtropical monsoon to alpine in the high mountains. Stations which lie below 6000 feet i.e. 1800 meters, experiences cool dry winters and hot wet summers. Above this height above 11000 feet, cool temperature prevails with cold winters and moderate summers. Nepal also experiences alpine climate which is very cold and snowy winters and cool summers. Kathmandu is quiet moderate as compared to high mountains of Nepal. Both July and August records more than 13inches. The best season to visit Kathmandu and other nearby areas is form Jan to March and from October to December where days are beautifully sunny and warm and nights are beautifully cool with an invigorating air. You can visit mountain areas with great heights; the season from July to September is perfect.

Festivals

If you are planning to visit Nepal you would love to see many fascintaing festivals.Magh sankranti which is popularly known as Devghat is celebrated in the month of January. This Nepal festival is one of the few that is not timed by the lunar calendar. This particular festival in Nepal celebrates ritual bathing which marks the end of the coldest winter months during the Nepali month of Magh. The birthday of Shiva which is popularly known as Maha Shivaratri is celebrated on large scale in Pashupatinath Temple in the month of February and March. The birthday of the Shiva falls on the new moon day of the Nepali month of Falgun. During a visit to this remarkable festival, you can watch the crowds bath in the Bagmati holy waters and create wonderfully colourful sights- this is sure to be a real highlight of your Nepal trip. Bisket Jatra is one of the most exciting annual events held in the valley and you must watch the same once you travel to Nepal. During this fascinating festival, huge triple roofed chariots are built and a big game of tug of war commences between the east and west side of the town. Other important festivals are Losar, Balkumari Jatra, Rato Machhendranath festival, Dasain.

Gastronomy

Rice is basic food of Nepali people. They also love to eat one vegetable dish along along with rice. Generally, they are fond of dal lentil. To top it up, some use dish of meat and a tasty pickle. The recipes of the rich and super rich are extremely delicious and mouth-watering, since a large variety of herbs and spices are put into the preparations. Their daily diet consists of home grown yellow corn flour and a dried form of spinach; which is energetic and healthy. Poor and rich people cut goat, eat and celebrate during their mail festival which falls in October. The Nepalese love to eat good food. According to various caste and sub-caste Nepali food can be categorized in Nepali food, Newari food and Thakali food. The Newari dishes come from the Newars. The Thakalis are also a certain tribe of people who mainly stay in western mountain regions of Nepal. Their food preparations are also delicious but few in numbers.

Geography

Nepal is a landlocked country is a size of Arkansas, which lies between India and the Tibet. Region of China, Nepal contains Mount Everest, the tallest mountain in the world. Along its southern border, Nepal has a strip of level land that is partly forested, partly cultivated. North of that is the slope of the main section of the Himalayan range, including Everest and many other peaks higher than 8,000 m. Nepal is popularly known as “waters towers of South Asia” which holds water from 6,000 rivers which are snow-fed or dependent on rain. These rivers include Mahakali, Karnali, Narayani and Koshi rivers originating in the Himalayas. More are Babai, West Rapti, Bagmati, Kamla, Kankai and Mechi which originates in the Midlands and Mahabharat range. A large number of seasonal streams, mostly originating in Siwaliks, flow across the Terai. Of famous 163 wetlands nine globally recognized Ramsar sites are Beeshazarital (Chitwan), Jagdishpur Reservoir (Kapilvastu) , Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve, Ghodaghodi Tal (Kailali) in the Terai, and Gokyo (Solukhumbu), Phoksundo (Dolpa), Rara (Mugu) and Mai Pokhari (Ilam) in the mountain region.

History

The first civilizations in Nepal, which flourished were confined to the fertile Kathmandu Valley where the present-day capital of the same name is located. In this region Prince Siddhartha Gautama was born. Nepali’s support of Buddhism gave way to Hinduism, reflecting the increased influence of India. The kingdom of Nepal was unified by King Prithvi Narayan Shah, who had fled India following the Moghul conquests of the subcontinent. Under Shah and his successors, Nepal's borders expanded as far west as Kashmir and as far east as Sikkim (now part of India). A commercial treaty was signed with Britain in 1792 and again in 1816 after more than a year of hostilities with the British East India Company.

Population



Religion

Nepal consitutues majorily the population which are Hindus. They also include some Buddhists, Muslims, Kirant/Yumaist, Christian, and few follow other religions and religion. Buddhists are found in eastern hills, in the Kathmandu Valley and central Tarai. Buddhism is common among Newars and Tibeto-Nepalese groups. Among the Tibeto-Nepalese most influenced by Hinduism are Magar, Sunwar, and Rai peoples. The Gurung, Limbu, Bhote, and Thakali groups, continued to employ Buddhist monks for their religious ceremonies. Since both Hinduism as well as Buddhism is Dharmic religions, they usually accept each other's practices and many people practice a combination of both. Natives of Nepal can be divided into two distinct group, the Aryans and the Mongolians. There are many different ethnic groups in Nepal living in various parts of the country with their own unique cultures, languages and religions. The groups of Nepalese are formed which are popularly known as Magars, Rais, Sunuwars and Gurungs. They live in the eastern mountains with their own culture and speaking their own mother languages. Most Gurkha soldiers come from these ethnic groups and are famous for the bravery in the battles.