29 May 2017, Monday
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About: East India

Climate

Eastern India comprises of states like West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha and also the union territory Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Eastern India experiences distinct climate variations. People of eastern India experiences sudden change in climate therefore it various from even short distance. Plains of Brahmaputra, the Barak Valley, Tripura and the western portion of Mizo Hills experiences 15o C in January, whereas in other parts of the region, the temperature is between 10oC to 15oC. From April these placs enjoys rise in temperature but except the south-eastern portion of Mizo hills and Shillong These places experiences the mean temperature which ranges from 25oC to 27.5oC. Hilly areas experiences daily mean temperature between 20oC and 25oC during October, whereas in Brahmaputra and Barak Valley, Tripura and the western portion of the Mizo hills it is above 25oC. Further the lowest temperature is experienced below freezing point in the upper Himalayas in Arunachal Pradesh.

Festivals

Eastern India celebrates various festivals with great enthusiasm. People from Nagaland celebrate Hornbill festival which is the most renowned and largest festival of North East. Festival Hornbill is named after the state's most admired bird, which showcases the heritage of tribes where they dance to show case their waring and hunting skills. Bihu Festival of Assam is also considered as the biggest and most colorful of the three which is also known as Rongali Bihu. The Assam Tourism Department organizes a special Rongali Utsav at Srimanta Sankardeva Kalakshetra, Guwahati. Brahmaputra Beach Festival of Assam is again a famous celebration among Eastern Indians. Each year it celebrated between January and February. This two day event combines culture and adventure sports, including traditional Bihu dances, food, crafts, cultural exhibition, paragliding, boat cruises, canoeing, rafting, and beach volleyball. Torgya Monastery Festival is again a popular celebration among Arunachalis. Torgya is observed by the Monpa tribe of Arunachal Pradesh. The rituals include the performance of sacred dances by brightly costumed. It is in the month of January every year. Named after Dehing River and Patkai range the festival Dehing Patkai is also a fabulous festival celebrated by large mass of Eastern India.

Gastronomy

Due to geographical and cultural influence which includes lot of beaches and moutains, natives of Eastern Indian grows lot of rice and therefore consumes lot of rice and rice based dishes and curries. As the states which falls in Eastern pasrt of India are close to various water bodies,therefore fish constitutes a big part of eastern Indian cuisine. Paanch Phoran (a mix of five spices – white cumin seeds, onion seeds, mustard seeds, fennel seeds and fenugreek seeds). Yoghurt, coconut, maize and gram flour are also common ingredients. Spices such as cumin, coriander and mustard are used in abundance. Green vegetables and fruit are also abundant and so are the foods cooked using them. People though, are a balanced mix of vegetarian and non-vegetarian. Preparation is not elaborate and neither are most of the ingredients. Steaming and frying are popular methods of cooking. Mustard oil is very popular and used for both deep frying and cooking. Other vegetable oils are also used. Ghee is used for cooking special occasion foods. In coastal regions fish is the non-vegetarian food of choice while in other inland places pork is consumed in abundance. Some of India’s most popular and world-renowned sweets come from here. Popular dishes: Momos (steamed, meat- or vegetable-filled wontons) and Thukpa (a clear soup), Tomato Achaar (tomato pickle), Machcher Jhol (fish curry), Jhaal-Muri (a spicy snack made with puffed rice and mustard oil), Sandesh, Rasgolla.

Geography

The Indian states which comprises East India include states West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha and also the union territory Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Major region lies on the east coast of India by the Bay of Bengal, and on the Indo-Gangetic plain. Jharkhand, on the Chhota Nagpur plateau, is a hilly and a heavily forested state rich in mineral wealth. Some regions of Eastern India is bounded by Nepal and Sikkim Himalayas in the north, the states of Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh on the west, the state of Andhra Pradesh in the south and the Bay of Bengal on the east. North Eastern India is also majorily known as Seven Sister States—Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura—and the Himalayan state of Sikkim. Districts like Darjeeling, Jalpaiguri, and Koch Bihar are considered as part of North Bengal. The Siliguri Corridor in West Bengal, connects the North Eastern region with the mainland Indian sub-continent. The region shares large area of border with China (South Tibet) in the north, Myanmar in the east, Bangladesh in the southwest, and Bhutan to the northwest.

History

Under process!!

Population

The Assamese are a subgroup of people of Assam and elsewhere. The total population of Assam as per census of 2011 is 31,169,272. The total population of the state has increased from 26,638,407 to 31,169,272 in the last ten years with a growth rate of 16.93%. The decadal growth rate of population included 27 districts of Assam and the other eight districts. Religious minority-dominated districts like Dhubri, Goalpara, Barpeta, Morigaon, Nagaon, Hailakandi etc. recorded growth rates ranging from 20 per cent to 24 per cent during the last decade. On the other hand, eastern Assam districts like Sivasagar, Jorhat etc. registered around 9 percent population growth, and for the record, these districts do not share any international border. In year 2001 the total population of Assam was 26.66 million with 4.91 million As per the report published by the Census of India on 31st Mar., 2011, the state of West Bengal has got a total population of 91, 347, 736. This contributes to 7.55 % of the country's total population. Being a place of Bengali community, the major part of the West Bengal population is Bengalis. Others contributing to West Bengal's total population are Bihari, Tibetans, Sherpas, Gurkha as well as different tribal communities like sandals, Koch-Rajbongshi, Toto and Kol. The total population of West Bengal is 91, 347, 736 which constitutes male population as 46, 927, 389 and female population as 44, 420, 347. Decadal population growth in between 2001 to 2011 is 11, 171, 539 and the decadal population growth percentage in between 2001 to 2011 is 13.93 % Manipur has a population of 2,388,634. Of this total, 58.9% live in the valley and the remaining 41.1% in the hilly regions. The hills are inhabited mainly by the Naga, Kuki, and smaller tribal communities and the valley mainly by the Meitei, Pangal, and "Bhamons" . Some Naga and Kuki settlements are also found in the valley region. Racially, Manipuri people are unique; they have features similar to South East Asian.

Religion

Natives of East India have strong faith in the Virgin Mary. They celebrate the occasion in the month of May where entire village gather together to welcome Our Lady into their village. The villagers get the image of Our lady from the church with music, hymns and prayers. That whole night they are busy doing prayers. The next day there is a mass in Marathi, after which the image is returned to the church, again with band music, hymns and prayers. Taoism is again a famous religion which north eastern people preach. Taoists focuses on doctrines of non-action, spontaneity, humanism, relativism and emptiness. Religion Shinto literally means “the way of the gods”. Many Japanese Shintoists also identify themselves as Buddhists. Shinto is a diverse group including mountain-worshippers and Confucian Shintoists.